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English Final Vocab

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Abashed adjective: ashamed or embarrassed, disconcerted, uneasy, self-conscious
Acquiesce verb: to submit or comply silently or without protest, agree, consent
Acrimonious adj: angry, bitter (in nature, speech, behavior, etc)
Adjuration noun: a solemn or desperate urging or counseling
Anathema noun: formal ecclesiastical curse accompanied by excommunication && detested, hated, cursed thing/person
Apoplectic adjective: of or pertaining to or intense enough to threaten or cause apoplexy (a stroke); noun: a person who has apoplectic tendencies
Assay verb: to examine or analyze
Assiduous adjective: constant, unremitting OR adjective: constant in application or effort, working diligently at a task
Asunder adverb/adjective: into separate parts; in or into pieces OR adverb/adjective: apart or widely separated
Augur noun: one of a group of ancient Roman officials charge with observing and interpreting omens for guidance in public affairs; soothsayer; prophet
Avarice noun: insatiable greed for riches; miserly desire to gain and hoard wealth
Baleful adjective: full of menacing or malign influences; pernicious
Beldam noun: an old woman, esp. an ugly one; hag
Beneficence noun: the doing of good; active goodness or kindness; charity
Benison noun: a blessing, esp a spoken one
Bequeath verb: to hand down, pass on
Bereaved adjective: (of a person) greatly saddened at being deprived by death of a loved one OR noun: a bereaved person or persons
Beseech verb: to implore urgently; to beg eagerly for; solicit
Besotted adjective: intoxicated, stupefied by drink; stupid, foolish; obsessed, infatuated (to inspire or possess with a foolish or unreasoning passion, as of love) *usually used with the preposition with/by
Breviary noun: book containing daily prayers, readings, psalms, hymns, lessons, etc *usually Catholic & in Latin
Brigand noun: a bandit, esp. one of a band of robbers in mountain or forest regions who lives by plunder
Bulwark noun: a wall of earth or other material built for defense; rampart; any person or thing giving strong support or encouragement in time of need, danger, or doubt
Burnished verb that takes an object -> polished, smooth, bright
Caitiff noun: coward & adjective: cowardly
Callow adj: immature, inexperienced
Candor noun: the state or quality of being frank, open, and sincere in speech or expression; candidness
Canny adjective: careful; cautious; prudent; shrewd or knowing *wisdom in a street smart kind of way  strategic
Capacious adjective: capable of holding much; spacious or roomy
Carcanet noun: woman’s ornamental circlet for the hair, often of gold decorated with jewels or pearls *can be a headband, necklace or collar -> not like a crown
Carouse verb: to engage in a drunken revel OR noun: drunken revelry *positivelyadjective: without consolation or solace; hopelessly unhappy;
Chimerical adjective: unreal; imaginary; visionary
Chivalry noun: the sum of the ideal qualifications of a knight, including courtesy, generosity, valor, and dexterity in arms
Compunctious adjective: causing or feeling compunction; regretful
Contrive verb: to plan with ingenuity (the quality of being cleverly inventive or resourceful; inventiveness); devise; invent *noun: contrivance
Corporal adjective: of the human body; bodily; physical *incorporeal -> lack of physicality
Covenant noun: an agreement, usually formal, between two or more persons to do or not do something specified
Debilitate verb: the make weak or feeble; enfeeble
Deft adj: dexterous, nimble, skillful, clever *can describe a particular skill or person/thing
Destitution noun: state without necessities; lack of the means of subsistence; utter poverty
Diffident adjective: lacking confidence in one’s own ability, worth, or fitness; timid; shy
Direful adjective: dreadful; awful; terrible
Disconsolate adjective: without consolation or solace; hopelessly unhappy; inconsolable
Disconsolate adjective: without consolation or solace; hopelessly unhappy; characterized by or causing dejection; cheerless; gloomy
Disgorge verb: to eject or throw out from the throat, mouth, or stomach; vomit forth
Disposition noun: natural mental and emotional outlook or mood; characteristic attitude
Doleful adjective: sorrowful; mournful; melancholy
Dreg noun: small amount of residue *used in plural form
Eddy noun: small whirlpool; current at variance with the main current in a stream of liquid or gas, especially one having a rotary or whirling motion *runs contrary to the main current *also can be used as a verb
Embellished verb: beautified by or as if by ornamentation; ornamented; adorned; exaggerate
Equivocation noun: the use of equivocal or ambiguous expressions, esp. in order to mislead or hedge; prevarication *use of ambiguous language to avoid the truth [to deceive or cover up] *verb form: to equivocate
Esoteric adj: understood by or meant for only the select few who have special knowledge or interest *unusually describing knowledge -> ex: Literacy was esoteric in the middle ages.
Evince verb: to show clearly; make evident or manifest; prove
Excrescence noun: an abnormal outgrowth, usually harmless, on an animal or vegetable body; any disfiguring addition
Expound verb: to set forth or state in detail; to explain; interpret; add to, develop -> *can take an object or indirect (expound her conservative ideas or expound upon her conservative id)
Feign verb: fake; pretend *must feign something (illness, injury, death, etc)
Feint noun: a movement made in order to deceive an adversary; an attack aimed at one place or point merely as a distraction from the real place or point of attack OR verb: to feint
Ferment noun: agitation && verb: to grow or change; to agitate *when a person ferments -> attitude or emotion that grows or chaning over time
Filaments noun: a very fine thread or threadlike structure; a fiber or fibril
Flippant adjective: frivolously disrespectful, shallow, or lacking in seriousness
Galvanize verb: to stimulate by or as if by a galvanic (electric) current; to startle into sudden activity
Garret noun: an attic, usually a small, wretched one
Harbinger noun: a person who goes ahead and makes known the approach of another; herald *news-bringer of what is coming in the future; indication of the approach of something or someone
Hoard noun: a supply or accumulation that is hidden or carefully guarded for preservation, for future use, etc OR verb: to accumulate for preservation, future use, etc., in a hidden or carefully guarded place
Hurly-burly noun: commotion *noisy confusion or tumult
Idyll noun: poem or prose composition, usually describing pastoral scenes or events or any charmingly simple episode, appealing incident or the like that suggest peace and contentment; simple descriptive or narrative piece in verse or prose
Ignominious adjective: marked by or attended with ignominy; discreditable; humiliating; marked by disgrace or shame
Impertinent adjective: intrusive or presumptuous, as persons or their actions; insolently rude or uncivil OR adjective: not pertinent or relevant; irrelevant
Imprecate verb: to invoke or call down (evil or curses), as upon a person
Improvident lacking foresight; incautious; unwary
Incarnadine adjective: blood-red; crimson (can be a noun, or a verb as well with basically the same meaning) *or it can mean flesh-colored -> filled with blood
Incipient adj: beginning to exist or appear; on the rise -> coming into being
Incredulous adjective: not credulous; disinclined or indisposed to believe; skeptical
Indefatigable adjective: incapable of being tired out; not yielding to fatigue; untiring
Insatiable adjective: not satiable; incapable of being satisfied or appeased; impossible to satisfy
Insouciant adj: free from concern, worry, or anxiety; carefree; nonchalant
Intemperance noun: excessive or immoderate indulgence in alcoholic beverages *or excessive or immoderate indulgence in any bodily appetites
Interloper noun: a person who introduces himself into professional or social circles where he does not belong; a person who interferes in matters that are not his concern
Intransigent adjective: refusing to agree or compromise; uncompromising; inflexible OR noun: a person who refuses to agree or compromise
Lamentation noun: the act of lamenting or expressing grief
Languish verb: to be or become weak or feeble, droop, fade; to lose vigor and vitality OR noun: the act or state of languishing
Legatee noun: a person to whom a legacy is bequeathed
Liniment noun: a liquid or semiliquid preparation for rubbing on or applying to the skin, as for sprains or bruises, usually soothing or counter-irritating
Lissome adjective: flexible, limber, bends readily, especially of the body; supple; agile, nimble, or active
Malfeasant adj: capable of doing wrong in public office that is legally unjustified, harmful, or contrary to law *noun -> malfeasance
Malinger verb: to pretend illness, especially in order to avoid responsibilities or work
Maraud verb: to roam and search of things to steal and people to attack; raid or plunder
Mettle noun: courage and fortitude *character, ability to stick it out or suck it up *used in an idiom -> to test ones mettle
Mirth noun: great merriment
Misanthropic adjective: of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a misanthrope (a hater of humankind) *noun -> misanthrope
Multifarious adjective: having many different parts, elements, forms, etc; numerous and varied; greatly diverse or manifold
Munificent adjective: extremely liberal in giving; very generous
Obdurate adjective: unmoved by persuasion, pity, or tender feelings; stubborn; unyielding
Opulence noun: wealth, riches, or affluence; abundance, as of resources or goods; plenty
Ostensible adjective: outwardly appearing as such; professed; pretended OR adjective: apparent, evident, or conspicuous
Palpable adjective: readily or plainly seen, heard, perceived; obvious; evident
Panoply noun: a wide-ranging and impressive array or display OR noun: a complete suit of armor
Paragon noun: a model or pattern of excellence or of a particular excellence; perfect example of a specific quality OR verb: to compare; parallel
Penury noun: extreme poverty; destitution
Pertinacious adjective: stubborn or obstinate
Petulant adjective: moved to or showing sudden, impatient irritation, especially over some trifling annoyance *petulantly -> adverb *petulance -> noun
Posterity noun: succeeding or future generations collectively or descendants
Proffered verb: offered; put before a person for acceptance *noun: a proffered gift (a proffer of friendship)
Prognosticate verb: to forecast or predict from present indications or signs; prophesy
Promontory noun: a high point of land or rock projecting into the sea or other water beyond the line of coast; a headland
Propitiate verb: to make favorably inclined; appease; conciliate
Prowess noun: exceptional valor, bravery, or ability, esp. in combat or battle
Puissance noun: power, might, or force *can be to influence
Purblind adjective: nearly or partially blind; dim-sighted & adjective: slow or deficient in understanding, imagination, or vision
Purgative adjective: purging or cleansing, esp. by causing evacuation of the bowels
Rancor noun: bitter, rankling resentment or ill will; hatred; malice
Rankle verb: (of unpleasant feelings, experiences, etc) to continue to cause keen irritation or bitter resentment within the mind; fester; be painful
Rapine noun: the violent seizure and carrying off of another’s property; act of plundering
Ravenous adjective: extremely hungry; famished; voracious
Rebuke verb: to express sharp, stern disapproval of; reprove; reprimand OR noun: sharp, stern disapproval; reproof; reprimand
Reclamation noun: the reclaiming of desert, marshy, or submerged areas or other wasteland for cultivation or other use
Recompense verb: to repay; remunerate; reward, as for service, aid, etc; to pay or give compensation for; make restitution or requital for (damage, injury, or the like) *noun: compensation
Reconnoiter verb: to examine or survey (a region, area, etc.) for engineering, geological, military, or other purposes
Recumbent adjective: lying down; reclining; leaning; inactive; idle
Rend verb: tear, or be torn violently *past tense: rent
Resplendent adjective: shining brilliantly; gleaming; splendid
Reverie noun: a state of dreamy meditation or fanciful musing; a daydream
Roister verb: to act in a swaggering, boisterous, or uproarious manner; to revel noisily or without restraint *drunken *either positive or negative *roisterous -> adjective *roisterously -> adverb *roister -> noun
Ruth noun: pity, compassion *for others; sorrow, grief; self-reproach, contrition, remorse *for self
Salubrious adjective: favorable to or promoting health; healthful
Samite noun: heavy silk fabric, sometimes interwoven with gold, worn in the Middle Ages
Saturnine adjective: sluggish in temperament; gloomy; taciturn (inclined to silence, reluctant to join in conversation)
Sidle verb: to move sideways or obliquely; to edge along furtively *a sense of sneaking and secrecy
Slipshod adjective: careless, untidy, or slovenly
Sordid adj: morally ignoble or base (not worthy of being respected)
Spurn verb: to reject with disdain; scorn
Stalwart adjective: strongly and stoutly built; sturdy and robust -> three “shades of meaning”: physically, in support, a stalwart like riding into battle (noun)
stanch verb: to stop the flow of a liquid (especially blood) like from a wound or leak
Suborn verb: to bribe or induce (someone) unlawfully or secretly to perform some misdeed or to commit a crime
Sumptuous adjective: entailing great expense, as from choice materials, fine work, etc.; costly
Sundry adjective: various or diverse *noun: if plural -> various or diverse objects
Suppliant noun: a person who supplicates (to pray humbly; make humble and earnest entreaty or petition); petitioner usually to someone in power
Supplicate verb: to pray humbly; make humble and earnest entreaty or petition
Surfeit noun: excess; an excessive amount *verb -> with an object or without an object -> to over supply
Swarthy adjective: (of skin color, complexion, etc.) dark *usually referred to men who haven’t shaved or to privates/bandits
Tarry verb: to remain or stay, as in a place; sojourn; to delay or be tardy in acting, starting, coming, etc.; linger or loiter; to wait; noun: a stay; sojourn
Thrall noun: a person who is in bondage, slave morally or mentally
Transient adjective: not lasting, enduring, or permanent; transitory; lasting only a short time, existing briefly, temporary *can be a noun: person who is transient
Trepidation noun: tremulous fear, alarm, or agitation
Tribulations noun: grievous trouble; severe trial or suffering
Tryst noun: an appointment to meet at a certain time and place, especially one made somewhat secretly by lovers *verb form [to tryst] -> to make or to keep an appointment
Ubiquitous adjective: existing or being everywhere, esp. at the same time; omnipresent
Undaunted adjective: undismayed; not discouraged; not forced to abandon purpose or effort
Unguent noun: an ointment or salve, usually liquid or semiliquid, for application to wounds, sores, etc.
Unhallowed adjective: not hallowed or consecrated; not regarded as holy or sacred; impious; unholy; wicked or sinful
Unremitting adjective: not slackening or abating; incessant
Uxorious adjective: doting upon, foolishly fond of, or affectionately submissive toward one’s wife
Vacillate verb: to waver in mind or opinion; be indecisive or irresolute
Venerable adjective: commanding respect because of great age or impressive dignity; worthy of veneration or reverence, as because of high office or noble character *verb: to venerate -> to regard with reverence or admiration
Vex verb: to irritate; annoy; provoke; torment; trouble; distress; plague; worry; to make someone feel annoyed, frustrated, or worried
Victual noun: food supplies, provisions for human beings *verb -> ex: The general victualed his troops to get ready for battle.
Vociferous adjective: crying out noisily; clamorous
Voluble adj: characterized by a ready and continuous flow or words; fluent; glib; talkative; speaking or spoken incessantly or fluently
Waggish adjective: like a wag; roguish in merriment and good humor; jocular