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Quiz 9/20 SS Vocab #2 for English Colonies

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Peter Stuyvesant leader of Dutch colony (founder of New York) of New Netherland
Quakers religious group that believed in equality between men and women before God, supported nonviolence and religious toleration
William Penn founded a colony called Pennsylvania, established an elected assembly and promised religious freedom to all Christians
Staple Crops always needed by people, Bread Basket, examples: wheat, barley, oats
Town Meeting center of politics for New England towns, decided on issues of local interest, such as paying for schools
English Bill of Rights Reduced the powers of the English Monarchy
Triangular Trade system in which goods and slaves were traded among the Americas, Britain, and Africa
Great Awakening religious movement that swept through the colonies, changed colonial religion and also affected social and political life
Jonathan Edwards important leaders of the Great Awakening, gave dramatic sermons telling sinners to beg forgiveness
Enlightenment spread the idea that reason and logic could improve society, formed ideas about hoe government should work
John Locke thought that people had natural rights such as equality and liberty, ideas influenced colonial leaders
Pontiac Ottawa chief who fought for France and tried to resist British settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains
Samuel Adams Boston patriot, very influential in the independence movement in Boston
Committees of Correspondence secret organizations in the colonies, passed information with the other towns and colonies
Stamp Act of 1765 required colonists to pay for an official stamp when they bought paper items
Boston Massacre protest by colonists that turned bloody when British soldiers opened fire on an angry mob
Tea Act allowed the British East India Company to sell tea directly to the colonies, monopoly which many colonial merchants thought would put them out of business
Boston Tea Party colonists disguised as Indians sneak on the 3 ships and dump 342 chests of tea into Boston Harbor
Intolerable Acts punish the colonists for the Boston Tea Party, Parliament passed the Coercive Acts
Quartering Act ordered the local governments of the American colonies to provide housing and provisions for British soldiers
Proprietor person or a small group who were given territory by the King
Plantations large farms that grew things like tobacco, indigo, and rice
Cash Crops agricultural crop which is grown for sale and profit
Militia small army made up of ordinary citizens who are available to fight in an emergency
Merchantilism system of creating and maintaining wealth through carefully controlled trade
Sons of Liberty a political group made up of American patriots that started up in the colonies before the revolution